Categories
Chemistry

You will read the assigned article, prepare PowerPoint slides to briefly describ

You will read the assigned article, prepare PowerPoint slides to briefly describe the article. You can use the Article Summary Presentation Rubric (attached) as your guide when developing your presentation.

Categories
Chemistry

Explain the big picture of the whole article (what they were trying to do and th

Explain the big picture of the whole article (what they were trying to do and the results)
Explain in detail each step of the main mechanism attached below
Conclusion (was it successful and what they need to do in the future to help the process?)

Categories
Chemistry

Describe the electron configuration of an atom using the principal energy level,

Describe the electron configuration of an atom using the principal energy level, sublevels, orbitals, and the periodic table. Give one example others may not think about and why you made this selection.

Categories
Chemistry

In the file ive attached in the page 1-2 is the instructions, 4-11 is the lab ma

in the file ive attached in the page 1-2 is the instructions, 4-11 is the lab manual and 12-14 is the rubric on how its supposed to look like.

Categories
Chemistry

How is it different from a transition state analog?

You must reference your postings. Chemical structures, equations and figures are essential.
1. Discuss how many ATP would be synthesized from the complete oxidation of stearic acid or linoleic acid to carbon dioxide and water.
a) Discuss how many ATP would be synthesized from the complete oxidation of stearic acid to carbon dioxide and water.
b) What additional steps are required to oxidize linoleic acid (a polyunsaturated fatty acid)? Include relevant chemical structures and reactions.
c) Explain why the complete oxidation of linoleic acid leads to fewer ATP than the oxidation of stearic acid.
2. Discuss how the results of Franz Knoop’s experiments led to the formulation of the β-oxidation pathway
a) Discuss the experimental details. Chemical equations and structures are essential.
b) Discuss the results of his experiments. What was surprising about these results?
c) What conclusions did he draw?
3. Discuss how hypoglycin (an unusual amino acid found in the unripened fruit of the akee tree) acts as a mechanism-based inhibitor of acyl-CoA dehydrogenase.
a) What is a mechanism-based inhibitor? How is it different from a transition state analog?
b) How is hypoglycin metabolized in the cell? What compound is formed? Include relevant chemical structures and reactions.
c) How does the compound formed in part b inhibit acyl-CoA dehydrogenase? Include relevant chemical structures and reactions.
d) Compare the mechanism of inhibition of β-oxidation by hypoglycin A with the mechanism of inhibition of the TCA by fluoroacetate.
4. Compare and contrast the last three steps of the TCA with the first three steps of β-oxidation. Include relevant chemical structures and reactions.
a) How are these reactions similar in terms of substrates and products, sequence of reactions, involvement of coenzymes?
b) How are they different in terms of fate of the electrons, stereochemistry of the reactants and products…?
c) Compare and contrast the mechanisms of these three steps.

5. Discuss the conversion of propionyl CoA to succinyl CoA in relation to both amino acid oxidation and oxidation of fatty acids with an odd-number of carbons. Include relevant chemical structures and reactions.
a) Why is propionyl CoA formed in the oxidation of fatty acids with an odd-number of carbons?
b) What is the sequence of reactions that converts propionyl CoA to succinyl CoA? Be sure to include the names of the enzymes and the chemistry of each step.
c) Discuss each step of the conversion mechanistically, including the involvement of the coenzymes.
d) What is unusual about the third step of this reaction? What coenzyme is essential and what is unusual about its mechanism of action?
6. Discuss the toxic effects of the ammonium ion and excess bicarbonate ion.
a) What is the effect of high concentrations of NH4+ in the bloodstream?
b) What are the two reasons NH4+ is so toxic to the brain?
c) Why can the urea cycle also be considered as a bicarbonate ion disposal mechanism? Why is that important?
7. Discuss the two roles of N-acetylglutamate in the urea cycle. Include relevant chemical structures and reactions.
a) What is the regulatory function of N-acetylglutamate in the urea cycle?
b) What is the other role of N-acetylglutamate in relationship to the urea cycle?
c) Glutamate is the precursor for N-acetylglutamate. How is glutamate involved in the connection between the urea cycle and the CAC?

Categories
Chemistry

Discuss how hypoglycin (an unusual amino acid found in the unripened fruit of the akee tree) acts as a mechanism-based inhibitor of acyl-coa dehydrogenase.

You must reference your postings. Chemical structures, equations and figures are essential.
1. Discuss how many ATP would be synthesized from the complete oxidation of stearic acid or linoleic acid to carbon dioxide and water.
a) Discuss how many ATP would be synthesized from the complete oxidation of stearic acid to carbon dioxide and water.
b) What additional steps are required to oxidize linoleic acid (a polyunsaturated fatty acid)? Include relevant chemical structures and reactions.
c) Explain why the complete oxidation of linoleic acid leads to fewer ATP than the oxidation of stearic acid.
2. Discuss how the results of Franz Knoop’s experiments led to the formulation of the β-oxidation pathway
a) Discuss the experimental details. Chemical equations and structures are essential.
b) Discuss the results of his experiments. What was surprising about these results?
c) What conclusions did he draw?
3. Discuss how hypoglycin (an unusual amino acid found in the unripened fruit of the akee tree) acts as a mechanism-based inhibitor of acyl-CoA dehydrogenase.
a) What is a mechanism-based inhibitor? How is it different from a transition state analog?
b) How is hypoglycin metabolized in the cell? What compound is formed? Include relevant chemical structures and reactions.
c) How does the compound formed in part b inhibit acyl-CoA dehydrogenase? Include relevant chemical structures and reactions.
d) Compare the mechanism of inhibition of β-oxidation by hypoglycin A with the mechanism of inhibition of the TCA by fluoroacetate.
4. Compare and contrast the last three steps of the TCA with the first three steps of β-oxidation. Include relevant chemical structures and reactions.
a) How are these reactions similar in terms of substrates and products, sequence of reactions, involvement of coenzymes?
b) How are they different in terms of fate of the electrons, stereochemistry of the reactants and products…?
c) Compare and contrast the mechanisms of these three steps.

5. Discuss the conversion of propionyl CoA to succinyl CoA in relation to both amino acid oxidation and oxidation of fatty acids with an odd-number of carbons. Include relevant chemical structures and reactions.
a) Why is propionyl CoA formed in the oxidation of fatty acids with an odd-number of carbons?
b) What is the sequence of reactions that converts propionyl CoA to succinyl CoA? Be sure to include the names of the enzymes and the chemistry of each step.
c) Discuss each step of the conversion mechanistically, including the involvement of the coenzymes.
d) What is unusual about the third step of this reaction? What coenzyme is essential and what is unusual about its mechanism of action?
6. Discuss the toxic effects of the ammonium ion and excess bicarbonate ion.
a) What is the effect of high concentrations of NH4+ in the bloodstream?
b) What are the two reasons NH4+ is so toxic to the brain?
c) Why can the urea cycle also be considered as a bicarbonate ion disposal mechanism? Why is that important?
7. Discuss the two roles of N-acetylglutamate in the urea cycle. Include relevant chemical structures and reactions.
a) What is the regulatory function of N-acetylglutamate in the urea cycle?
b) What is the other role of N-acetylglutamate in relationship to the urea cycle?
c) Glutamate is the precursor for N-acetylglutamate. How is glutamate involved in the connection between the urea cycle and the CAC?

Categories
Chemistry

If the question asks for a specific number of content-related sentences, you must have at least that many content-related sentences.

DEAR WRITER PLEASE READ !! i only choose 2 pages because the rest of my answers are correct so i need from you is to fix the mistakes I had by logging in a friends account to see the text book materials etc.. ( i will give you password and username in chat later) and doing the work i will submit 2 files one is a new file . and the old one with the mistakes of course you wont have to redo the correct one only the ones the teacher marked on them PLEASE do NOT use outside sources for any of your exams. You can use your COURSE TEXTBOOK, any tutorials I’ve shared, and you can reach out to me, BUT nothing else. This means STAY OFF COURSE HERO, CHEGG, BRAINLY, YAHOO ANSWERS, or ANYTHING else web based. Partial Credit is not offered for math based exam questions on multiple choice assessements– it is all or none. Be sure to SHOW ALL of the work for math-based questions, NO WORK, NO CREDIT . If the question asks for a specific number of content-related sentences, you MUST have at least that many CONTENT-RELATED sentences. A content related sentences is not “and that is how it works”. Be sure it is ON TOPIC

Categories
Chemistry

My major is biological science ( molecular and cellular biology.

my major is biological science ( molecular and cellular biology. i want to lil that with NMR but mainly Intro about NMR

Categories
Chemistry

I will upload the procedure for the experiment

I will upload many files you may not need.
Hi I need this work done as the previous one. I need an *experimental write up. * tables completed
For the behavior in flame I’m not 100% sure since I didn’t attend the lab.
I will upload the procedure for the experiment

Categories
Chemistry

Don’t write anything in the materials and methods section either.

This is a biochemistry lab report. The excel spreadsheet with the results is attached. There is no need to write anything in the Results section. There is also a lab report template attached that needs to be followed precisely. Don’t write anything in the Materials and Methods section either.